Pregnancy Chart on Psychosocial Aspects of Pregnancy

pregnancy chart

 

OVERVIEW

Pregnant women may become more dependent and may need increased nurturing so that they can nurture their developing offspring.
Pregnant women may need varied social service programs to help meet their health care needs.
Family-centered care has helped involve the family as well as the mother in childbirth.
Cultural background may determine activities that are acceptable or not acceptable during pregnancy.

PSYCHOSOCIAL STAGES OF PREGNANCY

Anticipatory Stage: Women train for the role of expectant parent and interact with babies and children.
Honeymoon Stage: Women fully assume the pregnancy role and initially may seek help from family members.
Plateau Stage: The pregnancy role is fully exercised; the expectant parent validates the adequacy of the current role.
Disengagement: The termination stage precedes and includes termination of the pregnancy role (that is, labor and birth of the infant although the pregnancy role may terminate in other ways).

MEANING AND EFFECT OF PREGNANCY ON THE COUPLE

The coming child represents the synthesis of three distinct role relationships:]

Relationship of the woman and her partner
Relationship of the woman and her developing fetus
Relationship of the woman and her newborn

The mother can never again be a single unit.
Men may experience physical and psychological changes during their partner’s pregnancy. This common experience is referred to as couvade syndrome.
The male partner may feel left out or jealous of the growing baby, or he may be unable to express his feelings.
Necessary tasks of pregnancy for a woman or the couple include the following:

Brief that she is pregnant and incorporation of the fetus into her body image
Preparation for physical separation with the birth of the newborn
Resolution and identification of conflicts that accompany role transition; this will prepare for smooth functioning of the family.
Resolution of previous life experiences; the pregnant woman will examine her relationship with her own mother.
Fantasizing about what it will be like to be a parent and what the baby will be like

Common emotional reactions of the woman or the couple to pregnancy include the following:

First trimester: Ambivalence, fear, fantasies, or anxiety
Second trimester: Well-being, increased need to learn about fetal growth and development, narcissism, passivity, or introversion (may seem egocentric and self-centered)
Third trimester: Feels awkward, clumsy, unattractive; becomes more introverted; or reflects on own childhood.

 

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